SILAT GAYONG: THE PHILOSOPHY (BASIC)
Whenever we say SILAT, most people would picture the graceful movements of a trained dancer followed by punches and kicks. There is more to SILAT than just punches and kicks. SILAT is the Malay art of self defense, which is handed down from generation to generation. It is as old as the Malay race itself and it has now become a Malay Cultural heritage. Presently, there are more than 250 SILAT training centers registered in Malaysia and amongst the active ones are SILAT GAYONG, SILAT LINCAH and SILAT CEKAK. However, we shall not discuss about all the different school of SILAT. Instead we shall highlight and concentrate on SILAT GAYONG.
A Malay warrior who had mastered the art and knowledge of physical and spiritual control founded SILAT GAYONG. The warrior’s blood that circulated in his body has been passed down generation to generation until it reached Al Marhum Dato’ Paduka Meor Abdul Rahman bin Tengku Daeng Uda Mohd Hashim. He revised his valuable inheritance into a more systematic manner and extended the art of SILAT SENI GAYONG throughout the nation.
SILAT GAYONG originated from the Bugis Territory and was brought to Malay Land by Tengku Daeng Kuning together with six brothers, the ancestors of Dato’ Meor. Tengku Daeng Kuning was well known as Panglima Hitam and his brothers were also well known warriors from the Bugis Territory.
The philosophy of SILAT SENI GAYONG is very deep. The student will be taught the various aspects of the philosophy. The syllabus for the student may have the beginning and an end but the spiritual knowledge is endless…. for as long as there is movement GAYONG is there.
The word SILAT SENI GAYONG comprises three great aspects;
SILAT – technical skill to be employed in the art of self-defense. It is a reflex action based on physical training self-control and discipline.
SENI – inner source that focuses on spiritual aspects, with the intension of getting rid of the negative and at the same time bring out the positive in a student. This stage is well connected to ISLAM, that is, its belief and practices. Therefore, student will need to plant the seed of faith and care for the tree until it bears the fruits of excellence. The master will able to snow him the right path to be taken in the student’s journey towards self realization.
GAYONG – determine self realization that being built by the student through the practices of the art of SILAT. With the knowledge and practices of the SILAT the student would have a good understanding of himself and knows without doubt about his Creator. This should eventually lead to him acquiring FAITH, ISLAM and EXCELLENCE (IMAN, ISLAM and EHSAN)
Only those who have practiced faithfully every aspect of this ancient art will understand and master the knowledge of GAYONG and its philosophy.
SILAT school in general and the GAYONG school in particular, are in reality educational institution that develops a person’s physical and mental capacity to the maximum level. GAYONG in particular tries to bring its students closer to God in order for future generations to have high moral values and thus become leader in the quest to achieve the objective of excellence in performance that invites the blessings of ALLAH.
The core Gayong’s philosophy is in the word GAYONG itself. Spelt in Jawi (Arabic alphabet) it is GA, ALIF, YA, WAU, NGA. Each Jawi letter has its own interpretation.
GA – represent ‘GENGGAM’ or ‘closed palm’. It shows a GAYONG student’s loyalty towards the teachings of ISLAM. It also means a strong determination to achieve the objectives and understand the philosophy of GAYONG and to hold in trust the master’s teachings.
ALIF – stands for ‘ANGKAT’. To put the teachings of Islam and the Quran above everything else. The student will also have to keep his master’s teachings in trust.
YA – stands for ‘YAKIN’, that is the undivided faith in the Quran and Hadith and that everything is in ALLAH’s hand. A GAYONG student must also have faith in whatever he has learnt and that whatever he has learnt are to be used wisely on order to invite ALLAH’s blessings.
WAU – stands for ‘WARAS’. It means that a GAYONG student must always be rational in whatever action he takes. He must be rational in decision-making and always bear in mind that ALLAH is Almighty. He must also realize that everything belongs to ALLAH and that not an atom’s worth belongs to anybody.
NGA – stands for ‘NGERI’ or fear. That is, fear of ALLAH’s anger and punishment.It also means for as long as a GAYONG student uses his ability to defend the sanctity of his religion, his enemies will fear him.
The five letters in Jawi made up the word GAYONG also mean the Five Pillars of Islam that need to be fulfilled by every Muslim. The five letters too symbolizes the five daily obligatory prayers for every Muslim. In reality, A GAYONG student’s strength would be shown from his ability to fulfill religious obligation as well as a high degree of self-control.
Stages of Achievement
There are seven stages of achievements in SILAT SENI GAYONG. These achievement are presented by the award of seven different of belts that is
‘Awan Putih’ (White Cloud),
‘Pelangi Hijau’ (Green Rainbow),
‘Pelangi Merah’ (Red Rainbow),
‘Pelangi Merah Tinggi’ (High Red Rainbow),
‘Pelangi Kuning’ (Yellow Rainbow),
‘Pelangi Kuning Tinggi’ (High Yellow Rainbow)
and ‘Pelangi Hitam’ (Black Rainbow).
The seven stages of belts reflect the seven stations of a human soul as designated by ALLAH thus
At every stage the student are required to work hard in order to achieve the next level and thereby improve the quality of their character.
In summary, the teachings of the art of Malay SILAT and SILAT GAYONG in particular will assist a student to lead a good life in this world as well as in the next world that is after death. If the teaching of a pure master is learnt sincerely……with heart and soul…. A student should be able to achieve the desired level in the art of self defense and lead him towards the truth of certainty … what Islam calls … MA’RIFATULLAH !.
From the taught of:
Amin Ayong (A.Aik)
Artikel ini disumbangkan oleh guru hamba yang kini bertugas sebagai Chief Inspector di Ibu Pejabat Polis Bukit Aman .
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